Test Capabilities & Sample Size

Analytical

Chemical Analysis
Test Name Sample Size Per Test Set
Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectroscopy (Acid Digestion) 1 lb. raw material, green or dry brick*
Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectroscopy (Leached) 1 lb. raw material, green or dry brick*
Loss on Ignition (LOI) 1 lb. raw material, green or dry brick*
pH Measurement 1 lb. raw material, green or dry brick*
Soluble Salts (Anions/Cations) 1 lb. raw material, green or dry brick*
Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) 5 Fired Brick
Xray Fluorescence (XRF)  SemiQuantitative 1 sample 1.25″ diameter or 1 lb raw material
Xray Fluorescence (XRF) Fusion Method 1 lb. raw material, green or dry brick*
Clay Tile, Whiteware, and Dimensional Stone
Test Name Sample Size Per Test Set
ASTM C370 Moisture Expansion Fired sample, minimum 6″ long
Environmental
Test Name Sample Size Per Test Set
Hydrogen Fluoride and Hydrogen Chloride Analysis (Dried Brick) Pyrohydrolysis Method 1 lb. raw material, green or dry brick*
Mass Balance (Fluorides & Chlorides) Green, dry, or dry/fired brick pair**
Mass Balance for Sulfur and Carbon (LECO) Green, dry, or dry/fired brick pair**
Mercury Testing Green, dry, or dry/fired brick pair**
General
Test Name Sample Size Per Test Set
Outside Testing Lab Services
Shipping and Handling
Microscopy
Test Name Sample Size Per Test Set
Optical Microscopy  Hourly Varies
Polished Section for SEM Analysis
Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)
Mineralogy
Test Name Sample Size Per Test Set
Carbon and Sulfur Content  Total 1 lb. raw material, green or dry brick*
Carbon and Sulfur Content Total 1 lb. raw material, green or dry brick*
Crystalline Silica Analysis 1 lb. raw material, green, dry, or fired brick*
Pyrite, Sulfate & Inorganic Carbon Determination (E1915) 1 lb. raw material, green or dry brick*
Xray Diffraction Phase Identification 1 lb. raw material, green, dry, or fired brick*
Analytical
Other
Test Name Sample Size Per Test Set
ASTM C518 Steady State Thermal Transmission 5 fired brick
Bigot Drying Curve 5 green or dry brick (preferred) or 1 lb. raw material
Capillary Rheometry 20 lbs. of raw material
Density Analysis Varies
Firing and Property Testing
Firing Test Less Than 2350F  Large Kiln
Firing Test Less Than 2350F  Small Kiln
Gradient Testing 5 lbs. of raw material for pressed disks, 20 lbs. of raw material for lab extruded bar or 5 green brick
Insoluble Residue Digestion 1 lb. of mortar
Lab Extrusion 20 lbs. of raw material
Mercury Porosimetry 1 to 2 fired brick
Particle Size Analysis  Laser Scattering 1 lb. raw material, green or dry brick*
Sample Preparation  Crushing and Grinding Varies
Sample Preparation for Analytical Test Varies
Surface Area Analysis 1 lb. raw material, green or dry brick*
Thermal Analysis
Test Name Sample Size Per Test Set
Dilatometry (Air) 2 to 3 green or dry brick (preferred), or  1 lb. raw material
Dilatometry (Cryogenic) 2 to 3 fired brick
Simultaneous Thermal Analysis (TGA/DSC) 1 lb. raw material, green or dry brick*
Simultaneous Thermal Analysis (TGA/DSC/FTIR) 1 lb. raw material, green or dry brick*
Simultaneous Thermal Analysis (TGA/FTIR) 1 lb. raw material, green or dry brick*
Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) 1 lb. raw material, green or dry brick*
ASTM
ASTM Brick
Test Name Sample Size Per Test Set
ASTM C1072 Bond Wrench 40 lbs Of Mortar Mix Materials
ASTM C1088 Compliance Testing 15 Fired Thin Brick
ASTM C126 Compressive Strength 5 Fired Brick
ASTM C1272 Compliance Tests 15 Fired Brick
ASTM C1314 Masonry Compressive Strength Varies On Prisms Being Tested
ASTM C1405 Mohs Hardness 5 Fired Glazed Specimens
ASTM C1405 Properties of Glaze 5 Fired Glazed Specimens
ASTM C216/C652 Compliance Testing  Bulk Rate 15 Fired Brick
ASTM C216/C652 Compliance Tests 15 Fired Brick
ASTM C279/C980 Chemical Resistance 15 Fired Brick
ASTM C301 Acid Resistance 1 Fired Specimen
ASTM C650 Chemical Resistance 15 Test Specimens
ASTM C67 Absorption 5 Fired Brick
ASTM C67 Breaking Load 5 Fired Brick
ASTM C67 Compressive Strength 5 Fired Brick
ASTM C67 Dimensions and Distortion 10 Fired Brick
ASTM C67 Efflorescence 10 Fired Brick
ASTM C67 Freeze Thaw 5 Fired Brick
ASTM C67 Initial Rate of Absorption 5 Fired Brick
ASTM C67 Modulus of Rupture 5 Fired Brick
ASTM C67 Sealer Burnoff Varies
ASTM C67 Void Area 5 Fired Brick
ASTM C902 Abrasion Index (Calculated) 5 Fired Brick
ASTM C902 Compliance Tests 15 Fired Brick
ASTM C902 Compliance Tests (in excess of 200 sets a year) 15 Fired Brick
ASTM E303 Skid Resistance 2 Specimens
ASTM E96 (Wet Cup and Dry Cup Method) 6 Specimens
AS
ASTM Concrete and Mortar
Test Name Sample Size Per Test Set
ASTM C140 Absorption  CMU 3 Full Size Specimens
ASTM C140 CMU Compliance Tests 6 Full Size Specimens
ASTM C140 Compressive Strength CMU 3 Full Size Specimens
ASTM C140 Dimensional Tolerance Testing  CMU 3 Full Size Specimens
ASTM C1634 Concrete Masonry Unit Compliance Tests 6 Full Size Specimens
ASTM C270 Mortar Test 8 kg Of Cement and 8 kg of Sand
ASTM C39 Compressive Strength (Adhered Masonry Veneer) 3 Test Specimens
ASTM C426 Linear Drying Shrinkage 3 Test Specimens
ASTM C482 Shear Bond (Adhered Masonry Veneer) 5 Specimens And Base Material
ASTM C55 Concrete Building Brick Compliance Tests 6 Specimens
ASTM C567 Density
ASTM C666 Rapid Freeze Thaw 5 Test Specimens
ASTM C90 Loadbearing CMU Compliance Tests 6 Specimens
ASTM E488 Modified Tensile Test 5 Specimens
Clay Tile, Whiteware, and Dimensional Stone
Test Name Sample Size Per Test Set
ASTM C170 Compressive Strength 20 Specimens For Full Test
ASTM C880 Flexural Strength 10 Specimens For Full Test
ASTM C97 Absorption 5 Specimens
ASTM C99 Modulus of Rupture 10 Specimens For Full Test
ASTM
General
Test Name Sample Size Per Test Set
Use of The Bishop Ceramic Research Facility Project Specific
Refractory
Test Name Sample Size Per Test Set
ASTM 1171 Thermal Shock Resistance 2 Fired Brick
ASTM C113 Refractory Reheat Change 3 rectangular specimens measuring 9 x 4-1/2 x 2-1/2 or 9 x 4-1/2 x 3 inch
ASTM C133 Cold Crushing Strength and MOR 5 Specimens
ASTM C20 Porosity, Density, Specific Gravity 3 Test Specimens
Other
General
Test Name Sample Size Per Test Set
Local Delivery of Testing Specimens
Other
Test Name Sample Size Per Test Set
LAB Color Measurement 5 fired brick
Solids Content